Azeri Aggression against Krabakh
In 1985-1986, the new Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev launched a campaign aimed at reforming the Soviet Empire. The Armenians were almost unanimous in their enthusiastic support of perestroika and glastnost. In late 1987, the Armenians of Nagorno-Karabakh collected over 80,000 signatures to petition the Soviet Government about the secession of the region from the Soviet Azerbaijan and its reunification (Miatsum, in Armenian) to Armenia. After suffering for decades under the Azeri tyranny, the people of Karabakh thought the time was favorable to restore the historical truth.
In response to the peaceful demands, Azeri government forced about 370,000 Armenians out of Azerbaijan by the end of 1991. Only remaining Armenians in Karabakh were able to stand up and defend their homes and families.
Starting in January of 1992, Azeris launched an unprecedented bombing campaign against all Armenian cities and villages with an aim to kill as many civilians as possible in order to force the population out of the region.